On 18 March , a powerful fleet of British and French warships attempted to overwhelm the shore defenses of the Dardanelles to allow minesweepers to clear the Straits. The attack failed at huge cost; three ships sunk and three more seriously damaged. By bringing together many threads of information, including extracts from British intelligence sources that had previously determined that a naval attack alone would not succeed; this definitive work examines the flaws of Winston Churchill's strategy and identifies the inadequacies of pitting warships against shore fortifications.
The Allied inability to control the Straits necessitated the disastrous Allied invasion of Gallipoli that cost the lives of some , men. From the 19th century, the Ottoman army and Turkey's coastal defenses relied entirely on the German firm of Krupp for guns. The author describes how this choice was a crucial element to the successful defense of the Dardanelles.
Many of the fortifications on the Gallipoli peninsula and the Asian shore are still accessible. The Defense of the Dardanelles identifies those that can be visited, many of which still have wrecked guns emplaced.
He explores the manner in which the situation developed from late to the late summer of -- to the point at which Oswald Boelcke helped form the German Jasta system that would prove so devastating to the RFC and RNAS. The first years of the war saw some of the bravest acts of pilot gallantry and ingenuity play out. This book explores the many ways in which fighter pilots developed tactics in order to outdo the opposition in the fight for allied victory. In so doing, they achieved high honors on account of their prowess in the skies.
It also looks at the development of militarized flight during the course of these key years, revealing how each side constantly endeavored to improve their aircraft and their gunnery. Covers how fighter aces on both sides soon gained publicity and fame as a result of their daily engagements. This publication also covers the development of American air combat, whilst also recording the efforts of some of their ace pilots flying both British and French aircraft with precision and skill. This would be the first opportunity to launch a major offensive since the winter and would require enormous support from the Royal Flying Corps and French Air Force.
However, the air offensive was to be countered fiercely by the new German Jagstaffeln - Jastas - that had been the brainchild of Oswald Boelcke in By the spring of , the first Jasta pilots, with new improved fighters - the nimble Albatros DIIIs - were just itching to get to grips with their opponents over the Western Front. What followed was a near massacre of British and French aircraft and crews, which made April the worst month for flying casualties the war had yet seen.
Here is a day-by-day, blow-by-blow account of these losses, profusely illustrated with original photographs and expertly told. In October , the Austro-Hungarians managed to push the Italians back during the battle of Caporetto. With the danger signs obvious, both Britain and France sent reinforcements. Includes black and white photos and illustrations. Britain's Royal Flying Corps sent three squadrons of Sopwith Camel fighters, plus one RE8 reconnaissance squadron, and these Camel squadrons fought gallantly over the plains and mountainous regions of northeast Italy, sharing the air battle with aircraft of the Italian Air Force.
Despite the difference in landscape between France and Italy, the Camel pilots employed the same air-fighting tactics and assisted in ground support missions that proved just as destructive in Italy as they had in France. Maneuver theory is based on the principles of mobility, rapidity and surprise which attempts to achieve victory with the least loss of resources and in the shortest time possible.
In order to achieve a rapid victory against the German forces, the South African soldiers were pushed to the limits of exhaustion to achieve the Union of South Africa's strategic objectives.
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The campaign in the deserts of German South Africa became the setting for adventure and war, where Briton, Boer, and People of Colour served together as a Dominion of the British Empire. Blacks, Coloureds and Indians fought for the hopes of better political franchise, an ambition which was not to be achieved until 80 years later. The book addresses the complex political dynamics in South Africa at the time of the Great War, the deep division between Afrikaners and British South Africans and the Afrikaner Rebellion. With the backdrop of political difficulties and a lack of overwhelming support for the entry into the Great War, the Botha government needed a quick result so as to maintain the delicate balance of power.
The author provides an analysis on the campaign through the lens of military theory so as to determine how the swift victory was achieved. The book answers the question of whether the campaign was won through numerical superiority or through the use of a superior operational strategy. The victory was the first campaign victory led by a British Dominion.
Although pride in the British Army's achievements was reflected in the official accounts of the fighting they were, understandably, restrained about its shortcomings and this set the template for subsequent accounts of the campaign, which were tamely accepted with little or no attempt at critical engagement. Challenge of Battle will give a balanced view of the British Army's opening campaign in the West, detailing both successes and failings of the BEF at war. Using first-hand accounts, Adrian Gilbert presents an examination of the BEF's leadership, organization, and tactics, and for the first time it will be described how British commanders were to come to terms with the fearsome nature of modern warfare.
Previous assessments of the BEF have held to an unshakable belief in its exceptional performance during the battles of But closer examination of the historical record reveals a force possessing some key strengths yet undermined by other, significant failings. Within a well-paced campaign narrative, this work reevaluates the army's leadership, organization, and tactics.
It describes the problems faced by commanders, grappling with the brutal realities of 20th-century warfare, and explains how the British infantry's famed marksmanship has to be set against the inexperience and tactical shortcomings of the BEF as a whole. Making full use of diaries, letters and other contemporary accounts, Adrian Gilbert builds a compelling picture of what it was like to fight in the battles of Mons, Le Cateau, the Aisne, and Ypres.
Marines in World War I 'Retreat, hell!
Balkan breakthrough : the battle of Dobro Pole 1918
We just got here! The Army tried to use them solely as labor troops and replacements, but the German spring offensive of forced the issue. The French begged Pershing to commit his partially trained men, and two untested American divisions, supported by British and French units, were thrown into the path of five German divisions.
Three horrific weeks later, the Marines held the entirety of Belleau Wood.
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This book will look at all the operations of the Marine Corps in World War I, cover the activities of both ground and air units, and consider the units that supported the Marine Brigade. It will examine how, during the war years, the Marine Corps changed from a small organization of naval security detachments to an elite land combat force. Drawing from original, archival research, it tells the story of the army's bitter three-year struggle in the mountains of Northern Italy, including the eleven bloody battles of the Isonzo, the near-catastrophic defeat at Caporetto in and the successful, but still controversial defeat of the Austro-Hungarian army at Vittorio Veneto on the eve of the Armistice.
Setting military events within a broader context, the book explores pre-war Italian military culture and the interactions between domestic politics, economics and society. In a unique study of an unjustly neglected facet of the war, John Gooch illustrates how General Luigi Cadorna, a brutal disciplinarian, drove the army to the edge of collapse, and how his successor, general Armando Diaz, rebuilt it and led the Italians to their greatest victory in modern times.
In stock. In addition to a three-map, four-year grand campaign, the game has several smaller scenarios, including single season, one-mappers, to accommodate every schedule and area of interest. The innovative map layout divides Europe horizontally rather than vertically to enable two-front struggles on a single map sheet.
Taken together, the maps permit a degree of strategic speculation absent from operational-level games. For example, the British can invade the German or Adriatic coast instead of the Dardanelles. Balance of Powers also portrays diplomacy and economics. A haggle-based diplomacy system enables history buffs to recreate the land-swap politics of the period, or players can opt for a simpler, streamlined schedule of neutral entry with a dash of randomness added for surprise.
Industrial production is as simple as to avoid excessive math while enabling players to comprehend the cost of their losses. In the end, victory hinges on control of terrain or accumulated demoralization.
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Game mechanics recreate the dilemmas of WWI. Land action begins with mobile stacks in grand sweeping offensives, but eventually slows down as corps flip to entrench and thereby lock in gains for the long war of attrition. Trench warfare involves an in-hex dimension with a counter attack mechanism that creates see-saw struggles for single hexes and thereby simulates the tactical ebb and flow that animated the front even during strategic stalemate. The prospect of a 'breakthrough' to the green fields beyond motivates ceaseless attacks, but it's ephemeral until tanks, planes and tactical innovation change warfare forever.
In the air and at sea, a roll-to-hit system enables air and optional naval combat to scale from the small dogfights of the Fokker Scourge to the mighty clash of dreadnoughts at Jutland. And there's a Sea Chart, in the corner of one map, which spans the globe so players can recreate events in the Far East and far out at sea. A World in Conflict Blitz!
Asia, N Atlantic, etc. A World in Conflict is a stand-alone boxed game.
It includes almost two-sided counters providing all the armies, air wings, and fleets for all the major combatants and many other countries, selected commanders, plus game markers. It plays in a fraction of the time needed for most historically-accurate World War II campaign games 2 hours for Barbarossa, 5 to 8 hours for the entire global war while still giving players the opportunity to cover the entire war.
It outlines how the British prepared for their advance, bringing in Indian and Australian troops; how the Turks were defeated at the great Battle of Megiddo in September ; and how Damascus fell when the Australians and the Arab army, which had harassed the Turks in the desert, arrived almost simultaneously.
Also relates how the French arrived, late, to take over territory allocated to them in the Sykes-Picot Agreement of , territory which included both Syria and Lebanon; how influenza had a severely detrimental impact on the allied advance; and how the Turks regrouped, successfully, north of Aleppo, and prevented further allied advance. The book also discusses the peace negotiations which followed the armistice, examining how nationalist aspirations were thwarted, how the French imperial grip on Syria was gradually strengthened, and how the Arab leader, Faisal, ousted from Syria, was provided with a kingdom by the British in Iraq.
At a time when new turmoil in Syria is again in the headlines, this study provides exceptionally timely information on how Syria was fought over and shaped as rule over the country by the Turkish Empire was ended. Ranging across all fronts, Elizabeth Greenhalgh examines the French army's achievements and failures and sets these in the context of the difficulties of coalition warfare and the relative strengths and weaknesses of the enemy forces it faced.
Drawing from new archival sources, she reveals the challenges of dealing with and replenishing a mass conscript army in the face of slaughter on an unprecedented scale, and shows how, through trials and defeats, French generals and their troops learned to adapt and develop techniques which eventually led to victory. In a unique account of the largest Allied army on the Western Front, she revises our understanding not only of wartime strategy and combat, but also of other crucial aspects of France's war, including mutinies, mail censorship, medical services, railways, and weapons development.
Includes black and white illustrations, appendices, notes, and index. It describes how four AEF divisions the 1st, 2nd, 26th, and 77th planned and conducted their battles and how they adapted their doctrine, tactics, and other operational methods during the war. General John Pershing and other AEF leaders promulgated an inadequate prewar doctrine, with only minor modification, as the official doctrine of the AEF.
Many early American attacks suffered from these unrealistic ideas that retained too much faith in the infantry rifleman on the modern battlefield. However, many AEF divisions adjusted their doctrine and operational methods as they fought, preparing more comprehensive attack plans, employing flexible infantry formations, and maximizing firepower to seize limited objectives. Royal Navy sailor's experiences during the Mesopotamian campaign of As an able seaman on the armed sloop HMS Clio, he was hunting the soon-to-be-famous German cruiser Emden, then were next in action defending the Suez Canal against an attempted Turkish invasion before joining the expedition to invade Turkish-held Mesopotamia Iraq -- supporting the British expedition up the River Tigris.
Philip Gunn's recollections give a rare perspective of this ill-fated campaign. Authentic account drawn from Phillip Gunn's unpublished memoirs as well as conversations with the author, his son David. Good account of this little known battle. Hedin was given unfettered access to German armies and leadership. The resulting book, With the German Armies in the West, was quickly finished and published, originally in Swedish, in then swiftly translated and printed in early by John Lane of The Bodley Head Press, London, at a time when the events described in the book were still fresh.
During his battlefront tour, Hedin took the opportunity to roam around the Army's rear areas and to visit the frontline trench network.
Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy on Battle of Dobro Pole
In the process he conducted many interviews, ranging from ordinary German privates to the most senior commanders and also with British and French POWs. He was an artist of great skill and was allowed to sketch many scenes depicting German infantry, cavalry, logistics and artillery batteries. He also documented the condition of post-August Belgium and described the situation in a very different light to the febrile tones of most neutral sources.
This invaluable study of the Kaiser's Army in the early stages of the First World War is a great addition to the literature of the Great War providing a rare glimpse into the German Army of It is a neglected field in spite of passing references to reconnaissance in a number of early books on the history of the Tank Corps.
Related Balkan Breakthrough: The Battle of Dobro Pole 1918 (Twentieth-Century Battles)
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